Ustaz Muhammad Zulkarnain Bin Azman spent 12 years of his studies at Madrasah Al-Junied Al-Islamiah. He later furthered his studies in Islamic Theology, specialising in Quranic Exegesis and Sciences at Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
By the Will of Allah s.w.t., we are rewarded with the holy month of Ramadan; a month that is filled with immeasurable blessings, a month of purification of the hearts, minds and souls and a month when spirituality thrives and flourishes. One of the blessings that are given by Allah s.w.t. as a gift to His servants is the blessed night of Lailatul Qadr, often translated as the Night of Decree or the Night of Power. The night is so special and significant that Allah s.w.t. dedicated an entire chapter of the Quran on it. Allah s.w.t. says in Surah Al-Qadr:
It is important to remind ourselves with this famous hadith of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. on fasting in the blessed month of Ramadan:
“Indeed, We sent the Quran down during the Night of Decree. And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.”
What makes Lailatul Qadr exceptional and special? As we cross the halfway mark in Ramadan, let us uncover the meaning of this night and its significance.
1. The Date is Unknown
The precise night on which Lailatul Qadr occurs has always been unknown but what we know is that it falls within the final ten nights of Ramadan, believed by many on the odd nights. The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said,
“Search for Lailatul Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan.”
Certainly, there is great wisdom on Allah s.w.t purposely made the exact date unknown from us. Part of it is so that we may strive in seeking it, engage in extra worship and remain consistent in doing them, even towards the very end of Ramadan.
2. The Revelation of the Quran
The biggest virtue associated with Lailatul Qadr is that in this night, Allah s.w.t. bestowed the Quran upon humankind as a gift and as a source of guidance. Besides mentioning in the first verse of Surah Al-Qadr, Allah s.w.t. says in Surah Ad-Dukhan:
“Indeed, We sent it (the Quran) down during a blessed night.”
The revelation of the Scripture came in 2 stages; it was primarily revealed in its entirety by Jibril a.s. from Luh Mahfuz (The Preserved Tablet) to Baitul ‘Izzah (The Lowest Heaven) in the sky of the earth and was then gradually revealed in stages to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. throughout 23 years of Prophethood. Against this background, we should exhibit and manifest our gratitude towards Allah’s greatest blessing by appreciating its revelation, internalising its message and meaning and connecting with Him.
3. The Reward of the Night
It is mentioned that one of the incomprehensible rewards of Lailatul Qadr is that the night is better than a thousand months. If we realise the value of it, every act of righteous deeds and worship completed on this single night are rewarded a minimum of at least 83 years of worship, which is equivalent to an entire lifetime.
Such is the unique opportunity for us when approached with sincerity, to gain grand forgiveness and mercy from Allah s.w.t. The Prophet s.a.w. said,
“Whoever spends the night of Lailatul Qadr in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward, his previous sins will be forgiven.”
4. The Acceptance of Supplications
One of the many nuances of the word “Qadr” is congestion and restriction. Accordingly, the earth on that night will be flooded and occupied with so many angels that it becomes congested and pressured. And because it is filled with celestial beings of light and blessings, the earth is voided of every evil and calamity and becomes exposed to a spiritual pressure. Sins are forgiven and supplications are accepted.
One of the supplications that can be made in this night is an all-encompassing forgiveness prayer that is taught by the Prophet s.a.w. to his wife Aishah r.a. It was narrated that Aishah r.a. asked the Prophet s.a.w., “O Messenger of Allah! If I know which night Lailatul Qadr is, what should I say in it?” And he replied:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
Transliteration: Allahumma Innaka ‘Afuwwun Tuhibbul ‘Afwa Fa’fu ‘Anni
“O Allah! You are Most Forgiving, and you love to forgive. So forgive me.”
With the significance of Lailatul Qadr laid out, let us enliven and maximise the last ten nights by reciting the Quran, performing iktikaf and engaging in continuous prayers and invocations. If a believing person is keen to nurture and strengthen his spiritual self and increase the good deeds in his record, he/she should strive to spend these nights in obedience and worship. If this is facilitated for him, his soul will taste sweetness unlike any other. Ultimately, we have to comprehend and understand that it is not about seeking the night but the Master of the night, which is Allah s.w.t. He will bless and reward us as He wants and pleases. We pray to Allah s.w.t. that He enables us to make the best of these nights and catch the blessed Lailatul Qadr.