Ustaz Mateen is passionate in looking into ideas and understanding the community. He teaches Islamic knowledge in local institutions while also writing for religious content. Upon graduating from Madrasah Aljunied Al-Islamiah, he pursued his studies at Al-Azhar University completing his degree in Islamic Theology, specialising in Creed and Philosophy.
We thank Allah s.w.t for reuniting us again with Ramadan after a long year of highs and lows. A meeting that the believers desperately need to nourish their faith by getting the forgiveness of past sins and strive to achieve a higher place in the eyes of Allah s.w.t. In a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah r.a:
“When the month of Ramadan enters, the gates of Heaven are opened, and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained”
It is in this very month Allah s.w.t sends down His mercy that is manifested into His forgiveness, multiplied rewards, acceptance and other blessings to His servants. Fortunate it is for those who strive hard to avoid from falling into sins, continuously seek repentance and increase his/her worships. It is a waste for us if we let this reunion go to waste.
To achieve such great deeds, one needs to supplicate to Allah s.w.t. for aid and acceptance. Thus, prayers serve as reminders as we seek to connect with the Divine.
Here are a some supplications that we regularly recited in the month of Ramadan. The translations are provided to guide us to understand, internalise and immerse ourselves in the spiritual experience of this sacred month.
1. Supplications for the day and the night
There are no specific supplications to be read in the day of Ramadan. However, it does not mean that there is no emphasis on making supplications. We are encouraged to increase our Ibadah (worship) to Allah and “Supplication is worship” [At-Tirmizi].
One of the many supplications that we can recite daily in the day and night throughout Ramadan is:
أَشهَدُ أَن لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله، أَستَغفِرُ الله، نَسأَلُكَ الجَنَّةَ ونَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّار
"bear witness that there is no god but Allah, I seek forgiveness from Allah, we ask you (Oh Allah) for Paradise and we seek refuge with you from the Hellfire."
Our scholars have encouraged us to read the above supplication by the following Hadith:
"And in this month, four things you should endeavour to perform in great number, two of which shall be to please your Lord, while the other two shall be those without which you cannot make do. Those which shall be to please your Lord, are that you should in great quantity recite the syahadah Lā ilāha illa Allāh and seek His forgiveness. And as for those two without which you cannot make do, you should be asking Allāh for entry into paradise and seek refuge with Him from the fire of Jahannam."
2. Supplications when breaking fast
اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمتُ وَعَلَى رِزقِكَ أَفطَرتُ
"Oh Allah I have fasted for Your sake and broken the fast upon Your provisions."
ذَهَبَ الظَّمأُ، وابْتَلَّتِ العُرُوقُ، وَثَبَتَ الأَجْرُ إِنْ شاءَ اللَّهُ تَعالى
"The thirst is gone, the veins are moistened, and the reward has been earned, if Allah wills."
The fasting person will find two kinds of happiness. The first is at the time of breaking the fast, the other is at the time of meeting with his/her Lord. One should be conscious of Allah who have promised to send down blessings for the ones observing his fast. Avoid being too excited with feasts that we forget The One providing these provisions. Be mindful and make heartfelt prayers, for the Prophet mentioned in a hadith narrated by Ibn Majah “Indeed the prayer of the fasting person during his break is not rejected.”
3. Supplications after Terawih Prayers
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم. الحَمْدُ للهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِيْن، وَالصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى أَشْرَفِ الأَنْبِيَاءِ وَالمُرْسَلِيْن سَيِّدِنَا وَمَوْلاَنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ أَجْمَعِيْن.
اَللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْناَ بِالْإِيْمَانِ كَامِلِيْنْ، وَلِلْفَرَآئِضِ مُؤَدِّيْنَ، وَلِلصَّلَاةِ حَافِظِيْنَ،وَلِلزَّكاَةِ فَاعِلِيْنَ، وَلِمَا عِنْدَكَ طَالِبِيْنَ، وَلِعَفْوِكَ رَاجِيْنَ، وَبِالْهُدَى مُتَمَسِّكِيْن، وَعَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضِيْنَ، وَفِي الدُّنْيَا زَاهِدِيْنَ، وَفِي الْأَخِرَةِ رَاغِبِيْنَ، وَبِالْقَضَآءِ رَاضِيْنَ، وَبِالنَّعْمَآءِ شَاكِرِيْنَ، وَعَلَى الْبَلآءِ صَابِرِيْنَ، وَتَحْتَ لِوَآءِ سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ سَآئِرِيْنَ، وَاِلَى الْحَوْضِ وَارِدِيْنَ، وَاِلَى الْجَنَّةِ دَاخِلِيْنَ، وَمِنَ النَّارِ نَاجِيْنَ، وَعَلَى سَرِيْرِ الْكَرَامَةِ قَاعِدِيْنَ، وَمِنْ حُوْر العِيْنِ مُتَزَوِّجِيْنَ، وَمِنْ سُنْدُسٍ وَاِسْتَبْرَقٍ وَدِيْبَاجٍ مُتَلَبِّسِيْنَ، وَمِنْ طَعَامِ الْجَنَّةِ آَكِلِيْنَ، وَمِنْ لَبَنٍ وَعَسَلٍ مُصَفًّى شَارِبِيْنَ، بِأَكْوَابٍ وَأَبَارِيْقَ وَكَأْسٍ مَنْ مَعِيْنٍ، مَعَ الَّذِيْنَ اَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّين والصِّدِّيقِين والشُّهَدَاءِ والصًّلِحِين، وحَسُنَ أُولَئِكَ رِفِيقَ, ذَلِكَ الْفَضْلُ مِنَ اللهِ وَكَفَى بِاللهِ عَلِيْمًا
“In the name of Allah the Most Gracious and Most Merciful. Praise be to the Lord of the all Worlds, prayers and salutations be upon the noblest of all the prophets, our leader (sayyiduna) Muhammad, and upon his entire family and companions.
Oh Allah make us from those who have complete faith, perform all obligations, guard their prayers, give zakat, seek that which is due from You, hope for Your forgiveness, hold on firmly to guidance, turn away from futile acts, show no interest for worldly pleasures, desire the life of the hereafter, are pleased with the divine decree, are thankful for Your blessings, are patient during trials, would walk under the flag of our leader (sayyidina) Muhammad s.a.w. on the Day of Judgement, would arrive to the Prophet’s well (in the hereafter), would enter the Paradise, would be saved from the hellfire, would sit on the honoured mattresses, would be married to the companions of Paradise, would be adorned with garments (of paradise) from Silk and Brocade, would eat from the food of Paradise, would drink from the milk and pure honey in the cups and goblets from the fountain of clear-water, in the company of those You bestow blessings upon them from amongst the Prophets, the righteous, the martyrs and the pious and what a great company do they make, and it is sufficient that Allah is All-Knowing. ”
4. Supplications after Witr Prayers
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم. الحَمْدُ للهِ رَبِّ العَالَمِيْن، وَالصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَى أَشْرَفِ الأَنْبِيَاءِ وَالمُرْسَلِيْن سَيِّدِنَا وَمَوْلاَنَاإِلَهَنَا قَد تَعَرَّضَ لَكَ فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيلَةِ المُتَعَرِّضُون، وَقَصَدَكَ القَاصِدُون، وَرغب في جُودِك وَمَعرُوفِكَ الطَّالِبُون، وَلَكَ فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيلَةِ وَكُلِّ لَيلَةٍ مِن لَيَالِي شَهرِ رَمَضَان نَفَحَاتٍ وَجَوَائِزَ وَمَوَاهِبَ وَعَطَايَا تَجُودُ بِهَا عَلَى مَن تَشَاءُ مِن عِبَادِك، فَاجعَلنَا اللَّهُمَّ مِمَّن سَبَقَت لَهُ مِنكَ العِنَايَة، وَهَا نَحن ُنَدعُوكَ كَمَا أَمَرتَنَا، فَاستَجَب لَنَا كَمَا وَعَدتَنَا، إِنَّكَ لاَ تُخلِفُ المِيعَاد، يَا أَرحَمَ الرَاحِمِين، اللَّهُمَّ يَا فَارِقَ الفُرقَان وَمُنزِلَ القُرآن بِالحِكمَةِ وَالبَيَان
3xبَارِكِ اللهُمَّ لَناَ فِي شَهرِ رَمَضَان
وَأَعِدهُ اللَّهُمَّ عَلَينَا سِنِيناً بَعدَ سِنِين وَأَعوَامًا بَعدَ أَعوَامٍ عَلَى مَا تُحِبُّهُ وتَرضَاهُ يَا أَرحَمَ الرَّاحِمِين. اللَّهُمّ إِنّ َلَكَ فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيلَةِ وَكُلُّ لَيلَةٍ مِن لَيَالِي شَهرِ رَمَضَان عُتَقَاءَ مِنَ النَّار, فَاجعَلنَا اللَّهُمَّ مِن عُتَقَاءئِكَ مِنَ النَّار
3x اللَّهُمَّ أَجِرنَا مِنَ النَّارِ سَالِمِين
وَأَدخِلنَا الجَنَّةَ آمِنِين, وَأَلحِقنَا باِلصَّالِحِين، ومَتِّعنَا بِالنَّظَرَ إِلَى وَجهِكَ الكَرِيم، يَا رَبَّ العَالَمِين
اللَّهُمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا صَلاتَنَا وَ صِيَامَنَا وَ قِيَامَنَا وَقِرَائَتَنَا وَرُكُوعَنَا وَسُجُودَنَا وَقُعُودَنَا وَتَسْبِيْحَنَا وَتَهْلِيْلَنَا وَتَخَشُّعَنَا وَتَضَرُّعَنَا وَلا تَضْرِبْ بِهَا وُجُوهَنَا يَا اِلهَ العَالَمِيْنَ وَيَا خَيْرَ النَّاصِرِيْنَ، بِرَحمَتِكَ يَا أَرحَمَ الرَّاحِمِين
"Oh Allah, the seekers have presented before You in this very night, intending to reach You, desiring for Your bounties and grace. And You bestow in this night just as any other nights in the month of Ramadan, Your hidden bounties, provisions, presents and gifts upon whoever that pleases You from Your servants. Therefore make us amongst those You mentioned to receive Your providence. And here we are praying to You as how You have commanded us, accept our prayers as how You have promised us, for indeed You never break Your promise. Oh Most Merciful. Oh Allah, Oh Divider of truth from falsehood, and Bestower of the Qur’an with wisdom and clarity,
Oh Allah bless us in the month of Ramadan 3x
Unite us again with Ramadan year after year in a way that You love and pleases You O Most Merciful. O Allah you emancipate in this night just as any other nights in the month of Ramadan Your servants from the hellfire
Oh Allah save us from the hellfire 3x
Enter us into Paradise safely, join us with the company of the pious, grant us to look upon Your Honourable Grace, Oh Lord of the worlds
Oh Allah accept our prayers, our fast, our night worships, our recital of the Quran, our bow (ruku’), our prostrations, our glorification of you, our syahadah (Lā ilāha illa Allāh), our submission and our invocations. And do not knock all that against our faces (reject it), Oh Lord of all the worlds and Oh Best of Helpers, by Your Mercy Oh Most Merciful."
5. Supplication in seeking Lailatul Qadar (Night of Power)
In a hadith narrated by Al-Imam At-Tirmizi, The Prophet s.a.w encouraged his wife Aisyah r.a. to read the following supplication if one were to meet Lailatul Qadar, the night that is better than a thousand months:
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ العَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنَّا
"Oh Allah, You are indeed Forgiving, Generous and love to forgive, so forgive me."
Although scholars have opinions regarding the date of the night of Lailatul Qadar such as it is in the last ten nights, by the wisdom of Allah s.w.t, the exact time remains to be Allah’s secret. Hence it is encouraged for every believer to recite the above supplication repeatedly on every night in the nights of Ramadan.
Beyond reciting this supplication upon seeking the Night of Qadr, Muslims also make it a practice to recite this dua from the beginning of Ramadan regularly. Generally, mosques in Singapore recite this supplication after the daily congregational prayers.
In addition to the list of dua provided above, it is also a common practice for our mosques in Singapore to recite the following:
يَا تَوَّاب تُب عَلَينَا * وَارحَمنَا وَانظُر إِلَينَا
قَد كَفَانِي عِلمُ رَبِّي * مِن سُؤَالِي وَاختِيَاري
فَدُعَائِي وَابتِهَالِي * شَاهِدٌ لِي بِافتِقَارِي
أَنَا عَبدٌ صَارَ فَاخرِي * ضِمنَ فَقرِي وَاضطِرَارِي
"Oh Most Forgiving, accept our repentance – And bestow Your mercy upon us and turn to us
The Knowledge of my Lord suffices me – From asking and making a choice
For my prayer and invocation – Is witness to my state of destitute
I am a servant and my pride lies – In my state of need and desperation.”
As we increase our supplications to Allah s.w.t, it is important for us to observe the etiquettes of supplication. We start by seeking for forgiveness first before anything else (repentance) and to invoke the name of Allah s.w.t. with humility, demonstrating deprivation and an utter sense of in need. Allah s.w.t. mentioned in the Quran:
وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ
"When My servants ask you (Oh Prophet) about Me: (tell them that) I am truly near. I respond to one’s prayer when they call upon Me. So let them respond ˹with obedience˺ to Me and believe in Me, perhaps they will be guided (to the right path)"
Some scholars have opined that since this verse is placed in between verses about the laws of fasting, it is an indication to make an effort or the merits of supplication in the state of observing the fast.
May this list of supplications be of benefit to you and your loved ones. As we seek to attain the spiritual gems in this blessed month, we pray that Allah s.w.t help us to clean our hearts and make us sincere in our worship to Him. Indeed, He is closer to us than anything or anyone else. Therefore, if we seek for Allah s.w.t, He will be there for us, Insya’Allah. May Allah s.w.t. accept our worships in this blessed month of Ramadan. May Allah s.w.t. allow us to be better Muslims and better servants that serve Him through our service to humanity.